What Safety Steps Should Be Taken In Case Of Flooding?

Where are floods most common?

River floodplains and coastal areas are the most susceptible to flooding, however, it is possible for flooding to occur in areas with unusually long periods of heavy rainfall.

Bangladesh is the most flood prone area in the world..

What must be done before during and after flooding?

Build an emergency kit and make a family communications plan. Avoid building in a floodplain unless you elevate and reinforce your home. Elevate the furnace, water heater and electric panel in your home if you live in an area that has a high flood risk.

What causes flood?

Floods are often caused by heavy rainfall, rapid snowmelt or a storm surge from a tropical cyclone or tsunami in coastal areas. … There are 3 common types of floods: Flash floods are caused by rapid and excessive rainfall that raises water heights quickly, and rivers, streams, channels or roads may be overtaken.

How do you respond to a flood?

Stack sandbags away from the outside walls of houses to prevent floodwaters from entering. Do not attempt to walk through moving floodwaters. If moving fast enough, water one foot deep can sweep you off your feet. Do not attempt to drive over a flooded road.

What should we do before fire?

How to prepare before a wildfireKeep an eye on the local news. … Learn how to prevent wildfires. … Map out your escape routes. … Keep flammable items away from your home’s perimeter. … Practice fire safety techniques. … Make sure your home and belongings are properly insured. … Prepare your emergency kit.

What are the three methods of flood control?

Some of the common techniques used for flood control are installation of rock berms, rock rip-raps, sandbags, maintaining normal slopes with vegetation or application of soil cements on steeper slopes and construction or expansion of drainage channels.

What is in a flood emergency kit?

Your emergency kit contents: Portable radio with spare batteries. … Important papers including emergency contact numbers. Copy of any Home Emergency Plans. Waterproof bag for valuables.

How do you prepare your house for a flood?

How Can I Prepare My Home for a Flood?Elevate Electrical Components. Electrical sockets, switches and wiring should be elevated at least 12 inches above predicted flood levels. … Waterproof Your Basement. … Pay Attention to Flood Alerts. … Move Furniture and Other Valuables to a Safe Place. … Pack an Emergency Kit. … Purchase Flood Insurance.

How can we prevent flash floods?

If a Flood is Likely in Your Area…Evacuate. Evacuate immediately to higher ground. … Secure your home. If you have time, turn off utilities at main switches/valves and disconnect appliances. … Do not walk through moving water. … Do not drive through flooded areas. … Choose campsites and parking wisely.

What do you need in case of a flood?

Assemble disaster supplies:Drinking water – Fill clean containers.Food that requires no refrigeration or cooking.Cash.Medications and first aid supplies.Clothing, toiletries.Battery-powered radio.Flashlights.Extra batteries.More items…

What should you not do during a flood?

Don’t…Drive through floodwaters. … Use electricity in a flooded home. … Get in the flood water. … Handle wild animals in the flood water. … Ignore flood warnings. … Neglect to assemble a flood safety kit. … Leave utilities on and plugged in when you evacuate. … Dress improperly.More items…•

How does the government help with floods?

The role of the government is to protect people against the natural calamities like floods, cyclones, famines, etc. … Officials, army or navy fly in helicopters around the affected areas to check if any people are stuck in floods. They save some persons from drowning.

Why is it important to have a written emergency plan?

The main objective of emergency planning is to reduce injuries, protect the community and maintain business continuity. An emergency plan usually includes necessary procedures during a crisis, a clear set of roles and responsibilities and established instructions for local emergency response and recovery bodies.

What happens during a flood?

What is flooding? Flooding is an overflowing of water onto land that is normally dry. Floods can happen during heavy rains, when ocean waves come on shore, when snow melts quickly, or when dams or levees break. Damaging flooding may happen with only a few inches of water, or it may cover a house to the rooftop.

What are some safety precautions for floods?

Avoid driving through flooded areas and standing water. As little as six inches of water can cause you to lose control of your vehicle.Avoid driving through flooded areas and standing water. … Do not drink flood water, or use it to wash dishes, brush teeth, or wash/prepare food.More items…